There are over 3,000 types of mosquitoes that are known worldwide. About 200 species have been found in the United States, and about 60 species in Michigan. Three important families are: Culex, Anopheles, and Aedes. Though it may be hard to believe, mosquitoes (as disease carriers) actually make them the deadliest insect on earth. Infected Anopheles Mosquitoes carry a parasite in the genus Plasmodium, the cause of the deadly disease Malaria. The parasite reproduces in the mosquito’s body, female mosquitoes then bite humans to feed on their blood and the parasite is transferred to the human host. As agents of Malaria, mosquitoes indirectly cause the death of close to a million deaths each year. Most mosquito-borne diseases are found in tropical places. However, recently, the risk of getting mosquito-borne diseases in the United States has gone up due to West Nile virus, which could be dangerous for people with weak immune systems.
Biology and Behavior:
- Adult females are approximately 1/4 of an inch in length.
- Both adult males and females are covered with shiny black scales with silver or white bands on their legs and dotted lines on their abdomens.
- Its most distinctive characteristic is a striking band of silver or white scales down its thorax.
- Mosquito larvae can be found in artificial containers such as tires, flower pots, buckets, trash receptacles, ornamental ponds, bird baths, pet watering dishes, clogged guttering and abandoned cups and cans.
- Mosquito larval development may also occur in natural containers such as tree holes and leaf axils.
- Asian tiger mosquitoes may share their breeding habitats with other mosquito species.
- In temperate climates such as ours, this mosquito overwinters in the egg stage.
Mosquito Prevention Tips:
- Drain areas of standing water or treat with an appropriately labeled mosquito larvaecide.
- Keep grass cut short and eliminate dense vegetation which serves as resting sites for adult mosquitoes.
- Install or repair screen doors and windows to keep mosquitoes outdoors.
- Use an insect repellant containing DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide) on exposed skin and thin clothing when outside.
- When weather permits, wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants and socks outdoors.
- Check with your local government to see if there is a community mosquito abatement progran in your area.
- Organize neighborhood cleanup days to pick up abandoned containers in parks and alleyways and clean up vacant lots.
No Escape Mosquito Control Services
- Community-wide mosquito abatement programs
- Back yard mosquito service for homeowners